Dog Ovarian Cancer is a relatively rare disease, accounting for only 1 to 2 percent of all canine cancers. But because it is so uncommon, there can be a lot of confusion about what it is, how it’s treated, and how best to support a dog who has been diagnosed with it.
In this post, we will take a closer look at ovarian cancer in dogs, including its symptoms and treatment options. We hope you find this information helpful and reassuring if your dog has been diagnosed with ovarian cancer.
What Is Dog Ovarian Cancer:
Dog ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of almond-sized organs located on either side of the dog’s uterus. They produce eggs and the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
How Many Types Of Dog Ovarian Cancer Have:
There are several types of dog ovarian cancer. The most common type is called epithelial ovarian cancer. This type starts in the cells that line the surface of the ovary. Other types of ovarian cancer include.
1. Sex Cord-Stromal Tumors:
These tumors start in the cells that produce estrogen and progesterone.
2. Germ Cell Tumors:
These tumors start in the cells that produce eggs.
3. Granulosa Cell Tumors:
These tumors start in the cells that surround the egg sacs in the ovary.
4. Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumors:
These tumors start in the cells that produce testosterone.
What Causes Dog Ovarian Cancer:
The cause of dog ovarian cancer is unknown. However, there are some factors that may increase a dog’s risk of developing this type of cancer. These include.
Dogs over 7 years old are more likely to develop ovarian cancer.
Female dogs are more likely than males to develop ovarian cancer.
Some dog breeds, such as Cocker Spaniels and Boston Terriers, are more prone to developing ovarian cancer.
Dogs who have been spayed or who have received a lot of estrogen treatments (such as contraception or hormone therapy) are more likely to develop ovarian cancer.
Dogs who are overweight are more likely to develop ovarian cancer.
Symptoms Of Dog Ovarian Cancer:
The symptoms of dog ovarian cancer can vary depending on the type of tumor. However, some common symptoms include.
1. Abdominal Swelling:
This is the most common symptom of ovarian cancer.
2. Increased Thirst And Urination:
Dogs with ovarian cancer may drink more water and urinate more than usual.
3. Weight Loss:
Dogs with ovarian cancer may lose weight even if they are eating the same amount as before.
Dogs with ovarian cancer may be more tired than usual and have less energy.
5. Vaginal Discharge:
Females with ovarian cancer may have a discharge from the vagina that is different from normal.
Treatment Options For Dog Ovarian Cancer:
There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for dog ovarian cancer. The treatment options that are available will vary depending on the type of tumor, its location, and how far it has spread.
Surgery is often the first treatment option for ovarian cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove as much of the tumor as possible. However, because ovarian cancer often spreads to other parts of the body, it’s not always possible to remove all of the tumors.
Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It is often used in combination with surgery to help kill any remaining cancer cells.
3. Hormone Therapy:
Hormone therapy is a type of treatment that uses hormones to kill cancer cells. It is often used in combination with surgery and radiation therapy to help kill any remaining cancer cells.
Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that uses the body’s own immune system to fight cancer. It is often used in combination with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy to help kill any remaining cancer cells.
Side Effects After dog Ovarian Cancer Treatment:
Most dogs who receive treatment for dog ovarian cancer will experience some side effects. These may include.
Many dogs feel tired after treatment and need to take a lot of rest.
2. Nausea And Vomiting:
Many dogs experience nausea and vomiting after treatment.
3. Loss Of Appetite:
Many dogs lose their appetite after treatment.
4. Increased Thirst And Urination:
Dogs may drink more water and urinate more after treatment.
5. Soreness And Swelling At The Site Of Surgery:
Some dogs experience soreness and swelling at the site of surgery.
Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer death in women. Although it can occur in any breed of dog, the incidence is highest in older female dogs.
Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for a good prognosis. If you notice any symptoms of ovarian cancer in your dog, please take her to the veterinarian as soon as possible for an evaluation.
1. What are the signs of ovarian cancer in dogs?
Answer: It can be difficult to detect ovarian cancer in dogs since there are few obvious signs or symptoms. However, if you suspect that your dog may have ovarian cancer.
2. What are the treatments for ovarian cancer in dogs?
Answer: There are a few different treatments for ovarian cancer in dogs, depending on the stage of the disease. Surgery is generally the first line of treatment.
3. How can I prevent my dog from getting ovarian cancer?
Answer: There are a few things dog lovers can do to help prevent their furry friends from developing ovarian cancer. First, have your dog spayed as early as possible.
4. What is the prognosis for a dog with ovarian cancer?
Answer: ovarian cancer is a serious disease in dogs, with a poor prognosis. Treatment options are limited and the disease tends to be aggressive. The average survival time after diagnosis is just six months.
5. Can canine ovarian cancer be cured?
Answer: Canine ovarian cancer can be cured, but it depends on a number of factors. If the cancer is caught early, the chances of a full recovery are good.